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A Pain in the Neck

Dr. Hamilton Hall, MD, FRCSC, is a Professor in the Department of Surgery at the University of Toronto. He is the Medical Director, CBI Health Group and Executive Director of the Canadian Spine Society in Toronto, Ontario.
Greg McIntosh, MSc, completed his Masters in Epidemiology from the University of Toronto's Faculty of Medicine. He is currently the Director of Clinical Research for CBI Health Group and research consultant to the Canadian Spine Society.
Dr. Julia Alleyne, BHSc(PT), MD, CCFP, Dip. Sport Med MScCH, is a Family Physician practising Sport and Exercise Medicine at the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network. She is appointed at the University of Toronto, Department of Family and Community Medicine as an Associate Clinical Professor.
Dr. Pierre Côté, DC, PhD, Canada Research Chair in Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation; Associate Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT); Director, UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation.

Abstract
Neck pain is common and disabling. Associated with poor posture, sedentary work and stress it is long lasting and recurrent. Most neck pain is mechanical from the structural elements within the cervical spine and can be referred to a number of remote locations. Radicular arm dominant pain is infrequent. Neck pain is diagnosed on history and confirmed with the physical examination. Routine imaging is inappropriate and the Canadian C-spine rules are recommended. Management focuses on education, range of movement exercises with associated postural improvement and strengthening exercises; neck braces should not be used.
Key Words: cervical spine, neck pain, Canadian C-spine rules, range of movement, exercise.